E-Mobility - Iterative Optimization

On Board Battery / Fuel Cells

The optimization of routes, payload, hours, halts  and depots, is key to selecting the least cost on-board energy storage technology.

Fast Charging

The on-board ESS together with business drivers determines the charger technology selection. Swapping is possible for smaller units.

Grid Impact

This is a critical area for the overall business case to be positive. Technologies are available to "diminish or de-couple" the grid impact.